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Latihan Soal UN Bahasa Inggris SMA 2014 - Latihan: Soal UN SMA 2014 Beserta Pembahasan. Ujian Nasional yang semakin mendekat tentunya membuat kita harus belajar lebih ekstra lagi. Oleh karena itu, pada postingan kali ini saya akan membagikan Latihan beserta Pembahasan Soal UN Bahasa Inggris SMA 2014. Saya sengaja membagikan soal-soal UN Bahasa Inggris beserta kunci jawaban, dengan harapan adik-adik kelas 12 SMA yang akan menghadapi UN bisa lebih memahami bentuk-bentuk soal UN sebelumnya. Pembahasan ini juga bisa didownload dalam format PDF. Silahkan Download Pembahasan Soal UN Bahasa Inggris SMA 2014.


Pembahasan Soal UN Bahasa Inggris SMA 2014

Latihan soal berikut ini sengaja dimulai dari nomor 16, karena untuk no 1 sampai 15 merupakan bagian Listening. Anda juga bisa mengunjungi laman tersebut dengan mengklik link berikut ini.


Latihan Soal Listening UN Bahasa Inggris SMA 2014

The following text is for questions 16 and 17.
There is a lot of research on both humans and animals on the effects of caffeine, and there is often thought that too much is bad for us. There is no conclusive evidence to implicate caffeine consumption as being significantly harmful to health, but there still is controversy with this , as there as still some negative effects associated with caffeine consumption. Having some caffeine daily is okay, but using food and exercise strategies listed below will certainly help in reducing fatigue and avoiding caffeine addiction.

Caffeine is a central nervous stimulant and can have some positive effects on the humans body. Caffeine in low dosed is thought to be associated with an improvement in sporting performance, increased alertness and reduction in fatigue potentially lifting a person’s mood. Coffee and tea also contain some antioxidants which have positive effects on heart health.

However, increased amounts of caffeine lead to dependency due to increased tolerance and hence the need for greater amount to gain the same stimulatory benefits. Heavy users who gave to go without can axperience withdrawal symptoms such as headaches and fatigue. Too much caffeine can produce relentlessness, nausea and cardiac.
16. What is the writer’s opinion about the text?
     A. Consuming too much coffee is not good for our health
     B. Caffeine consumption is significantly harmful to health
     C. Drinking coffee everyday makes us addicted to it
     D. Daily coffee consumption leads to hearth attack
     E. Caffeine can stimulate user’s mood and energy

17. “... amounts to gain the same stimulatory benefits.” (paragraph 3) The synonym of the underlined word is ....
     A. Develop
     B. Obtain
     C. Improve
     D. Collect
     E. Enhance

The following text is for questions 18 and 19.
This new and unusual building in the downtown business district offers unique opportunities for small to midsized tenants to occupy an entire floor.


From 1,600 to 6,000 square feet are available for immediate occupancy. Commuting is easy, with the subway stop only one block away. It’s convenient to shops, restaurants, hotels, and business services.
For leasing information call
18. What is this advertisement about?
     A. A new office building
     B. Office suites to rent
     C. The unusual building downtown
     D. Office suites to sell
     E. A building in the business district

19. The good point about the office suits is ....
     A. Furnished
     B. Available in one type size
     C. Far from public places
     D. Several blocks away from subway stop
     E. Easy to reach for commuters

The following text is for questions 20 to 22.
Ladies and gentlemen of the jury, the prosecution will prove to you that he is the accused. He had the motives, opportunity, and ability to commit the crime and this will be shown in the evidence presented to you.

Firstly, the accused needed money. He was in debt, owing the bank over $100.000. He had no chance of repaying this: therefore, he needed quick money. That’s why he stole the Macquire Diamond.

Secondly, the accused had the opportunity. As a security guard he could come and go from the exhibition of the diamond without causing suspicion. He had a plenty of time on the night of the robbery to take the diamond, hide it and then return to his post before the next guard came on duty.

Finally, the accused had the ability to take the Macquire Diamond. He had knowledge of the alarm system and had keys to unlock the display case. On this evidence you have no other choice but to find him guilty.
20. What is the topic of the text?
     A. Diamond robbery
     B. Eyewitness evidence
     C. Address to the jury
     D. Macquire Diamond
     E. Guilty security

21. The prosecution proves that the security guard was guilty because ....
     A. Macquire Diamond is very expensive
     B. He was on duty when the diamond was stolen
     C. He had got big amount of money
     D. He had the diamond with him
     E. He broke the alarm system

22. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
     A. Why the Macquire Diamond was stolen
     B. Where the security guard hide the diamond
     C. The security guard is proven to be in the need of the money
     D. The accused owes the company over $150.000
     E. Stealing Macquire Diamond makes the accused pays his debt

The following text is for questions 23 to 25.
It is probably one of the most important books I’ve ever read. Not for its heavy philosophy, practical instructions, or memorable quotes; but for its simple message of how wonderful life can be when viewed through the eyes of an innocent child.

Each story is only a page or two, a delightful narrative of how Totto-chan views the world, and how Mr. Kuroyanagi inspires the children to explore, learn, feel, and have joy. There are several charcoal drawings that capture the tenderness of the stories, making us feel a part of Totto-chan’s world.

One of my favorite vignettes is the story of losing her hat in the septic tank at the school and proceeds to dig it out. The headmaster walks by, and after a few question to satisfy his curiosity, and hearing her earnest explanations, he lets her continue with the simple instruction,”make sure you put it all back!”

Totto-chan, the Little Girl at the window is a celebration of childhood, learning and caring. We’ve enjoyed reading one or two stories for bedtime off-and-on for a couple of years, and almost don’t want to finish the book because it will mean there are no more stories. Totto-chan seems so real and loveable, and her headmaster is a role model for parents and teachers.

The book is written by Tetsuko Kuroyanagi and translated by Dorothy Britton.
23. What is the text about?
     A. A summary of children biography
     B. The novel of Totto-chan
     C. Children’s activities
     D. A description of Mr. Kuroyanagi
     E. The headmaster and teachers

24. Totto-chan, The Little Girl at the window is a story ....
     A. Of an innocent children
     B. Containing philosophy of life
     C. That teaches us that life is actually wonderful
     D. That motivates children to explore the world
     E. That describes good headmasters and teachers

25. According to the text, who inspires the children enjoying their childhood?
     A. Tetsuko Kuroyanagi
     B. The teachers
     C. The headmaster
     D. Dorothy Britton
     E. The Little girl

The following text is for questions 26 and 27.
The Red Bird of Paradise

An Indonesian endangered species, the Red Bird of Paradise is distributed to lowland rain forests of Waigeo and Batanta islands of West Papua. This species shares its home with another bird of paradise, the Wilson’s Bird of Paradise. Hybridization between these two species are expected but not recorded yet.

The Bird of Paradise, Paradisaea rubra, is large, up to 33 cm long, brown and yellow bird with a dark brown iris, grey legs and yellow bill. The male has an emerald green face, a pair of elongated black corkscrew shaped tail wires, dark green feather pompoms above each eye and a train of glossy crimson red plumes with whitish tips at either side of the breast.

The male measures up to 72 cm long, including the ornamental red plumes that require at least six years to fully attain. the female resembles the male but is smaller in size, with a dark brown face and has no ornamental red plumes. The diet consists mainly of fruits, berries, and arthropods.
26. We know from the text that ....
     A. The female Red Bird of Paradise is bigger than the male
     B. The Red Bird of Paradise is rare nowadays
     C. The Red Bird of Paradise cannot live alone
     D. The Red Bird is as large as the female
     E. The Red Bird of Paradise lives in highland of West Papua

27. “...with a dark brown iris, grey legs and yellow bill ...” (paragraph 2) The underlined word is closest in meaning to....
     A. Wing
     B. Tail
     C. Breast
     D. Eyes
     E. Beak

The following text is for questions 28 and 29.
A lot has change in the world since John Doe established “Doe Radio and Television Service”. Because we are now a leader in computer and cellular telephone service, we are changing our name to “Doe Electronic Technologies”. We think John would be pleased.

As part of this event, we invite you to stop by anytime during the next month to receive a special 20 % discount on any compact discs, computer equipment, or cellular phones. It is always a pleasure to serve you.
28. Which item is on discount 20%?
     A. Climbed down
     B. Went through
     C. Visited for
     D. Went for
     E. Left out

29. “A lot has changed in the world since John Doe established “Doe Radio..”(paragraph 1) The underlined word is closest in meaning to....
     A. Founded
     B. Improved
     C. Expanded
     D. Developed
     E. Published

The following text is for questions 30 to 32.
To Kill a Mockingbird
By Harper Lee
Warner Books
Reviewed by Rodman Phillbrick

I’ve never been to Alabama, but novelist Harper Lee made me feel as if I had been there in the long, hot summer of 1935, when a lawyer named Atticus Finch decided to defend an innocent black man accused of a horrible crime. The story of how the whole town reacted to the trial is told by the lawyer’s daughter, Scout, who remembers exactly what it was like to be eight years old in 1935, in Maycomb, Alabama.

Scout is the reason i loved this book, because her voice rings so clear and true. Not only does she make me see the things she sees, she makes me feel the things she feels. There’s a lot more going on than just the trial, and Scout tells you all about it.

A man called Boo Radley lives next door. Very few people have ever seen Boo, and Scout and her friends have a lot fun telling scary stories about him. The mystery about Boo Radley is just one of the reasons you want to keep turning the pages to find out what happens in To Kill a Mockingbird.

To Kill a Mockingbird is filled with interesting characters like Dill, and Scout makes them all seem just as real as the people in your own hometown. Here’s how Scout describes Miss Caroline, who wore a red striped dress:”She looked and smelled like a peppermint drop.”

The large theme of the story is about racial intolerance, but Scout never tries to make it a”lesson,” it’s simply part of the world she describes. That’s why To Kill a Mockingbird rings true, and why it all seems so real.

Even though the story took place many years ago, you get the idea that parts of it could happen today, in any town where people distrust and fear each other’s different.

In a just world an innocent man should be found not guilty. But if you want to know what this particular jury finally decides and what happens to Scout and Jem and Dill and Boo Radley and the rest of the people who live and breathe in To Kill a Mockingbird, you’ll have to read the book.
30. Who is the writer of the Novel” To Kill a Mockingbird”?
     A. Scout
     B. Boo Radley
     C. Harper Lee
     D. Atticus Finch
     E. Rodman Phillbrick

31. According to the reviewer, the book “To Kill a Mockingbird” is ...
     A. Challenging
     B. Reasonable
     C. Interesting
     D. Innocent
     E. Irrational

32. “ .... Scout and her friends have a lot fun telling scary stories about him.” (paragraph 4) The underlined word has similar meaning with ....
     A. Joyful
     B. Interesting
     C. Challenging
     D. Frightening
     E. Amusing

The following text is for questions 33 to 35.
Kaka was born in Brazilia. From age 4 to 7, his family lived in Cuiaba, following his father, a civil engineer. At age 7, the family moved to the city of Sao Paulo, in the neighborhood of Morumbi, near the stadium of Sao Paulo FC. As FIFA says,” Kaka fails to fit the Brazilia stereo type of the kid from the Favela who first played the game in the street with a ball made from rags. Coming from comfortable and cultured family, Kaka kept up his studies as long as they were compatible with his profession.”

His talent was soon recognized. A professor called the family and suggested enrolling him in a football school. At age 8, Kaka was playing with Sao Paulo FC, where he succeeded in all categories. At age 14, Kaka used to wake up two hours early, to keep up with his studies. Kaka meneged to conclude the intermediary cycle (eleven years) in Brazil, before dedicating exclusively to football.

In 2006, only 24 years old, Kaka was one of the main Brazilian players in the World Cup. Despite the abundance of good players, coach Carlos Alberto Parreira already said that Kaka would stars as a principle. The groups formed by Kaka, Ronaldinho, Ronaldo, and Adriano was called “the Magic Square” by Brazilian media fans.
33. Having recognized Kaka’s talent, the professor suggested that ... in the football school.
     A. He become a supervisor
     B. He enroll as a member
     C. He accommodate
     D. He practice more
     E. He spend his free time

34. The main idea of paragraph 3 is ....
     A. His talent was soon recognized
     B. Kaka would stars as a principle
     C. “Magic Square” was formed by Kaka, Ronaldinho, Ronaldo, and Adriano
     D. A professor suggested Kaka’s family enrolling him in a football school
     E. Kaka was one of the main Brazilian players in the World Cup

35. “His talent was soon recognized.” (paragraph 2) The underling word is closest in meaning to....
     A. Predicted
     B. Registered
     C. Managed
     D. Succeeded
     E. Identified

The following text is for questions 36 to 38.
Ragunan Zoo: Not yet a world class attraction

The city administrastration offered Ragunan Zoo in South Jakarta the financial support it need to become a world-class tourist destination, but the offer was refused by the management.

Governor Joko ”Jokowi” Widodo offered to disburse up to Rp500 billion (US$45,5 million) for the project, with the only requirement being a master plan that would be valid for a century.

“The preparation to make the blueprint and macro design for the zoo should start now. The administration is ready to release the funds as long as there is a clear program,” he said on the sidelines of the public dialogue at the zoo on Tuesday.

The newly installed zoo supervisor, business tycoon Hashim Djojohadikusumo, declined the offer, saying that blueprint could only be formulated next year.

He further insisted” we can request budget funds the following year once we finish collecting public feed back.” Zoo director Marsawitri Gumay said that the zoo was in dire need of more funds to improve infrastructure, such as animal enclosures.

On regular days, the 147-hectare zoo is visited by around 3,000 people, this number rises to 20,000 people on weekends and can reach 60,000 during school holidays. During peak seasons, such as Idul Fitri, visitors can number over 140,000 each day.

“With such a tight budget, we cannot make infrastructure improvements. Most of enclosure need to be replaced, not to mention street vendors who enter the zoo and littering visitors,” Marsawitri said.
36. What is the text about?
     A. The world class attraction
     B. Ragunan zoo master plan
     C. The world class tourist destination
     D. More fund to improve its infrastructure
     E. Refusal fund by Ragunan Zoo management

37. What happens at Ragunan Zoo on regular days?
     A. It replaces most of the enclosures
     B. It is visited by around 3,000 people
     C. It covers its attractions operational cost
     D. More attractions are shown
     E. It makes the blueprint and macro design

38. “Governor Joko ”Jokowi” Widodo offered to disburse up to Rp 500 billion ...” (paragraph 2) The underlined word is closest in meaning to...
     A. Pay
     B. Return
     C. Repay
     D. Distribute
     E. Compensate

The following text is for question 39.
Water pollution has been increasing at a worrying rate. If consumed in a contaminated state, it may prove fatal to both – human beings and the environment. Let us find out how this pollution affects the ecological balance and poses a threat to our lives. First, it is agricultural pollution. Excess fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides used for agricultural procedures often get discharged in water bodies right from streams to lakes and seas. Another way water pollution happens is mining activities. During mining, the rock strata is crushed with the help of heavy equipment on a large scale. These rocks are often composed of sulfides and heavy metals, which when combined with water from sulfuric acid and other harmful pollutants. Next, it happens through the so-called sewage water. The leftover or excess water that is left after carrying out domestic and industrial activities is called sewage water which consists of a lot of chemicals, and is left untreated. People flushing medicines and other chemical substances down the toilet has been a cause of concern for the developed countries today. Also, the burning of fossil is another source.
39. The main idea of the text is ....
     A. The level of water pollution is determined by its pollutant
     B. There are different ways for water to be polluted
     C. Most water around us is heavily polluted
     D. Water pollution takes different forms
     E. Water pollution happens every where

The following text is for questions 40 and 41.
Dear Big Meal’s representative

I’m writing to inform you that I had a negative bad experience at your location in Columbus, New Jersey on August 4. My receipt number is 512, and the person who handled my order was Alex.

First of all, I recognize that you, as the reader of this letter, are not responsible for my bad experience, but I am still upset about the situation.

I went to the drive through and ordered seven meals with no pickles. When I received my order, I checked that all of the sandwiches and fries were in the bag paid and drove away. When I got home, I realized my number seven had pickles on it. I’m allergic to pickles, and I didn’t want to waste the sandwich, so I drove back to the drive through to explain the situation and get it fixed.

I feel very disappointed with this interaction, as I usually enjoy my experiences at your restaurant. To fix this situation, I would like a coupon for a free meal of my choice.

I think an apology from Alex is also appropriate.

Please contact me at 555.555.5555 or email me back at I would like this situation to be resolved so I can continue to be a loyal Big Meal’s patron.

Best, Jim Korkell
40. What is the letter about?
     A. Applying for a job
     B. Complaining bad service
     C. Ordering a certain item
     D. Inquiring Mr Jim Korkell
     E. Reserved for a meal

41. Who is in charge to take the order of “the drive through service”?
     A. The cashier
     B. Alex
     C. Jim Korkell
     D. The manager
     E. The customer

Arrange the following sentences into a correct paragraph.
42.1. As a queen, she was very intelligent, and as a politician she had a great charisma.
2. She had brown eyes and they were shaped like cat eyes. Her skin was in fact an olive shade.
3. She became queen of Egypt in 51 B.C at the age of eighteen.
4. She was famous not only for her breathtaking beauty but also for her great intellect.
5. She was the last Pharaoh of Egypt.
6. One of the most famous woman in world history was Cleopatra VII.
The correct arrangement is ....
    A. 6 – 1 – 2 – 4 – 3 – 5
    B. 6 – 2 – 5 – 1 – 3 – 4
    C. 6 – 5 – 3 – 4 – 2 – 1
    D. 6 – 4 – 5 – 1 – 2 – 3
    E. 6 – 5 – 4 – 3 – 1 – 2

The following text is for questions 43 to 46.
All human beings eat food and make use of the chemical energy in it, so do all other animals. Perhaps you wonder where all that chemical energy comes from. Why doesn’t the food all get used up?

The answer is that new food is being grown as fast as old food is used to. It is the green plants that form the new food. Animals either eat the plants or eat other animals that have eaten plants.

The green substance of plants is chlorophyll. Chlorophyll can absorb sunlight. When it does so, it changes the energy of the sun into chemical energy. The chemical energy present in sunlit chlorophyll is used to combine dioxide in the air with water from the soil. Starch and other complicated compounds are formed. These are high in chemical energy obtained from the sunlit chlorophyll.

They make up the food on which mankind and all other animals live. In the process of forming this food, some oxygen atoms are left over. These are given off into the air by the plants. The whole process is called photosynthesis.

Thus, plants use sunlight to from food and oxygen to from carbon dioxide and water again. Plants change the sun’s energy into chemical energy. And animals change the animal energy into kinetic and heat energy.
43. The text is about ....
     A. The process of changing chemical energy
     B. The formation of carbon dioxide
     C. The green substance of plants
     D. The process of photosynthesis
     E. The use of chemical energy

44. What will happen when the chlorophyll absorbs sunlight? It will ....
     A. Change heat into kinetic energy
     B. Form complicated compound
     C. Make use of heat energy
     D. Change kinetic energy into chemical energy
     E. Change the sun’s energy into chemical energy

45. From the text we know that ....
     A. Plant need to heat energy to live
     B. All human beings need chemical energy
     C. Plants absorb sunlight to produce kinetic energy
     D. Chlorophyll is the most important thing in photosynthesis
     E. Sun’s energy cannot be formed into kinetic energy

46. The green substance of plants is chlorophyll. The underlined word in the above is closest in meaning to ...
     A. Core
     B. Body
     C. Stuff
     D. Essence
     E. Material

The following text is for question 47.
Globalization has been around for a long time in one shape or another. Trade routes have been operating between different part of the world since ancient times. Now, globalization has extended into other sectors. However, people view its merits differently. The followers of globalization believe that productivity grows in countries that open up their markets and integrate with outside economies as they gain access to wealthy economies where they can sell their goods and services. Next, lesser developed nations benefit from the increase in investment from foreign countries both financially and through jobs. Finally, through globalization, countries can specialize more in what they produce and what they do best. The opponents of globalization have their views, first, wages and working conditions everywhere are pushed downwards as companies gravitate towards countries where the wages are the lowest and the workers’ rights are the worst. In addition, the environment suffers, as production moves to places where they have less strict rules and regulations about controlling pollution and deforestation. Most seriously, globalization undermines national sovereignties and national governments as individual countries become increasingly at the mercy of international markets, and multinational corporations grow more powerful and influential.
47. How can globalization potentially damage environment?
     A. Production of good pays little attention to natural balances
     B. Foreign investment tends to put heavy economic benefit
     C. Lands of developing countries are excessively cultivated
     D. Irresponsibly mutational factories dump the sewage
     E. Industries tend to occupy areas with weak laws

The following text is for questions 48 to 50.
Octopuses are mollusks, a kind of animal with a soft body. Unlike other mollusks, such as clams and oysters, octopus, and squid have no hard ... (48) ... to protect them. An octopus is an animal without any bones. Surrounding the main portion of its body is a fleshy covering, called a mantle. Most of the internal organs of an octopus are inside the mantle. An octopus has two big ... (49) ..., so it has very good vision. Seals, eels and other sea animal prey an octopus. An octopus’ main method of defense is to shoot a cloud of dark ink into the water. The ink cloud confuses the attacker, and the octopus jets away. Octopus can also ... (50) ... color rapidly when they are in danger. They change color to fit in with their surroundings. This helps them to hide from prey.
     A. Skin
     B. Scales
     C. Seals
     D. Shells
     E. Skull

     A. Eyes
     B. Bones
     C. Fingers
     D. Thumbs
     E. Shoulders

     A. Complain
     B. Wonder
     C. Deliver
     D. Change
     E. Breathe


Pembahasan Soal UN Bahasa Inggris SMA 2014

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