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10/1/14

Penjelasan dan Contoh Narrative Text Terlengkap

iTapuih.com - Penjelasan dan Contoh Narrative Text Terlengkap. Belajar bahasa Inggris di tingkat menengah, baik itu SMP ataupun SMA, kini tidak akan lepas dari pelajaran "wajib" tentang narrative text dan recount text . Dalam pelajaran ini, siswa biasanya dituntut untuk bisa menceritakan atau menulis sebuah kisah, dongeng ataupun cerita dalam bentuk masa lalu namun bersifat tidak nyata. Langsung saja saya akan membahas tentang apa itu Narrative and Recount text.


Definition of Narrative Text

A narrative text is an imaginative story to entertain people (teks narasi adalah cerita imaginatif yang bertujuan menghibur orang).  Sesuai dengan pengertiannya narrative bertujuan menghibur pembaca melalui cerita. Cerita narrative terbagi kedalam beberapa klasifikasi, Myths (mitos), Legends (legenda), Folktale/folklore (cerita rakyat), Fairy Tales (dongeng), Fables (cerita hewan).

The purposes of Narrative Text

is To amuse or entertain the readers. Tujuan Komunikatif Narrative Text seperti yang dijelaskan di atas adalah untuk menghibur pendengar atau pembaca tentang suatu kisah atau cerita masa lampau yang bertalian dengan pengalaman nyata, khayal atau peristiwa-peristiwa pelik yang mengarah ke suatu krisis, yang pada akhirnya menemukan suatu penyelesaian.

Generic Structure of Narrative Text

Setiap jenis teks bahasa Inggris (genre) memiliki struktur teks-nya sendiri-sendiri. Struktur dari Narrative Text terdiri dari tiga bagian yaitu :
  • Orientation
Pada bagian Orientation atau pengenalan berisi tentang pengenalan tokoh dalam cerita serta waktu dan tempat kejadiannya.
  • Complication
Pada bagian Complication berisi tentang gambaran munculnya krisis atau masalah yang di alami oleh tokoh pada cerita tersebut yang harus dipecahkan.
  • Resolution
Pada bagian Resolution berisi tentang bagaiman tokoh dari cerita tersebut memecahkan masalah yang ada pada bagian Complication. Biasanya terdapat lebih dari satu Resolution untuk satu Complication.

Pada beberapa referensi tentang Narrative Text mempunyai 4 generic stucture, terdapat tambahan generic structure pada Narrative Text, yaitu penambahan Coda/Re-orientation setelah Resoultion.

Grammar Used

  • Menggunakan nouns tertentu sebagai kata ganti orang, hewan, dan benda tertentu dalam cerita, misalnya the mice atau the cat
  • Menggunakan adjectives yang membentuk noun phrases, misalnya general council, common enemy, young mouse, sly and treacherous manner, dan old mouse.
  • Menggunakan time connectives dan conjunctions untuk mengurutkan kejadiankejadian, misalnya when, while, dan then.
  • Menggunakan adverbs dan adverbial phrases untuk menunjukkan lokasi kejadian atau peristiwa, misalnya long time ago dan very well.
  • Menggunakan action verbs dalam bentuk past tense, misalnya held, said, met, dan spoke.
  • Menggunakan saying verbs yang menandai ucapan, misalnya said, told, dan promised, serta thinking verbs yang menandai pikiran, persepsi, atau perasaan tokoh, misalnya thought, understood, dan felt.

Example and Translate

Snow White

Orientation

Once upon a time there lived a little girl named Snow White. She lived with her Aunt and Uncle because her parents were dead.

Suatu ketika, hiduplah seorang gadis bernama Snow White. Dia tinggal bersama paman dan bibinya, karena orangtuanya telah meninggal.

Complication

One day she heard her Uncle and Aunt talking about leaving Snow White in the castle because they both wanted to go to America and they didn’t have enough money to take Snow White. Snow White did not want her Uncle and Aunt to do this so she decided it would be best if she ran away. The next morning she ran away from home when her Aunt and Uncle were having breakfast. She ran away into the woods.

Suatu hari dia mendengar paman dan bibinya berbicara tentang rencana meninggalkan istana karena mereka berdua ingin pergi ke Ameria dan mereka tidak mempunyai cukup uang untuk membawa serta Snow White. Snow White tidak ingin paman dan bibinya melakukan hal tersebut, sehingga dia memutuskan akan lebih baik jika dia pergi. Pagi harinya dia pergi dari rumah ketika paman dan bibi nya sedang sarapan. Dia lari ke dalam hutan.

Then she saw this little cottage. She knocked but no one answered so she went inside and fell asleep. Meanwhile, the seven dwarfs were coming home from work. They went inside. There they found Snow White sleeping. Then Snow White woke up. She saw the dwarfs. The dwarfs said, “What is your name?” Snow White said, “My name is Snow White.”
Doc, one of the dwarfs, said, “If you wish, you may live here with us.” Snow White said, “Oh could I? Thank you.” Then Snow White told the dwarfs the whole story and finally Snow White and the 7 dwarfs lived happily ever after.

Kemudian dia melihat gubuk kecil. Dia mengetuk pintu tetapi tidak ada yang menjawab sehingga dia masuk dan merasa ngantuk. Sementara itu, tujuh kurcaci telah pulang dari pekerjaannya. Mereka masuk. Di sana mereka menemukan Snow White tertidur. Kemudian Snow White terbangun. Dia melihat kurcaci tersebut. Kurcaci tersebut berkata "Siapa nama kamu?" Snow White menjawab, "Nama saya Snow White." 
Doc, salah satu dari kurcaci tersebut berkata, "Jika kamu mau, kamu bisa tinggal di sini bersama kami." Snow White berkata, "Oh, bolehkah? Terima kasih." Kemudian Snow White menceritakan semua kisahnya dan akhirnya Snow White dan 7 kurcaci hidup bahagian selamanya.

Contoh Pertama

The legend of First Monkey


Many years ago, there was a king and queen who lived in Mindanao. They were not liked by their people. The king was cruel and the queen was greedy.
 The king collected a lot of money from his people and gave it to the queen. The queen bought expensive food, wine and clothes from all over the world and kept them in the palace.

One day, the king gave a party in the palace garden. There were six tables placed in the shade of some tall trees. Next to the trees, there was a large pond with goldfish in it.
Soon the guests arrived and everybody started eating and enjoying themselves. Suddenly, an old woman entered the garden. No one knew where she came from. She approached each table and begged for food. No one gave her any and the king told his guest to chase her away.

“Your Majesty, please have pity on me! I am an old man. I haven’t eaten any food for several days.”
The queen, who was sitting next to the king became angry. “Go away, old woman!” she shouted. “Who asked you to come here? This party is for rich and important people.”

The king roared with laughter. He banged the table with spoon.
“Chase her away!” he cried. Everyone started beating her with their spoon. They chased the poor old woman all over the palace garden, suddenly, there was a great crash of thunder and a bright flash lightning. The old woman changed into a beautiful girl.

“You are not human beings,” she said “You are all so cruel. None of you wanted to help me. Because of this, I shall change you into monkeys.”

She clapped her hands. Immediately, the spoon turned into tails and fixed themselves on the backs of the king, queen and their guests. The beautiful clothes which they were wearing turned into long hair. Their fingers and toes grew longer. When they tried to speak, they could chatter only like monkeys.

They ran back to the palace but the king’s guards chased them away, and threw stones at them. “Go away, you dirty little things!” the guards shouted. “This is the king’ palace.

As they had nowhere to go. They hid in the forest and hills where they have ever since.

Contoh Kedua

Mouse Deer and Tiger


Mouse Deer sang his song as he walked through the forest. He was looking for tasty fruits and roots and shoots.
Though he was small, he was not afraid. He knew that many big animals wanted to eat him. But first they had to catch him!

Then he heard something. Rowr!
There was Tiger!
“Hello, Mouse Deer. I was just getting hungry. Now you can be my lunch.”
Mouse Deer didn’t want to be lunch. He looked around and thought fast. He saw a mud puddle.
“I’m sorry, Tiger. I can’t be your lunch. The King has ordered me to guard his pudding.”
“His pudding?” said Tiger.
“Yes. There it is.” Mouse Deer pointed to the mud puddle. “It has the best taste in the world. The King doesn’t want anyone else to eat it.”
Tiger looked longingly at the puddle. “I would like to taste the King’s pudding.”
“Oh, no, Tiger! The King would be very angry.”
“Just one little taste, Mouse Deer! The King will never know.”
“Well, all right, Tiger. But first let me run far away, so no one will blame me.”
“All right, Mouse Deer, you can go now.”

Mouse Deer ran quickly out of sight.
“Imagine!” said Tiger. “The King’s pudding!” He took a big mouthful.
Phooey! He spit it out.
“Yuck! Ugh! Bleck! That’s no pudding. That’s mud!”
Tiger ran through the forest. Rowr! He caught up with Mouse Deer.
“Mouse Deer, you tricked me once. But now you will be my lunch!”
Mouse Deer looked around and thought fast. He saw a wasp nest in a tree.
“I’m sorry, Tiger. I can’t be your lunch. The King has ordered me to guard his drum.”
“His drum?” said Tiger.
“Yes. There it is.” Mouse Deer pointed to the wasp nest. “It has the best sound in the world. The King doesn’t want anyone else to hit it.”
Tiger said, “I would like to hit the King’s drum.”
“Oh, no, Tiger! The King would be very angry.”
“Just one little hit, Mouse Deer! The King will never know.”
“Well, all right, Tiger. But first let me run far away, so no one will blame me.”
“All right, Mouse Deer, you can go now.”

Mouse Deer ran quickly out of sight.
“Imagine!” said Tiger. “The King’s drum!” He reached up and hit it. Pow.
Bzzzzzzzzzzzzz. The wasps all flew out. They started to sting Tiger.
“Ouch! Ooch! Eech! That’s no drum. That’s a wasp nest!”
Tiger ran away. But the wasps only followed him! Bzzzzzzzzzzzzz.
“Ouch! Ooch! Eech!”
Tiger came to a stream. He jumped in—splash!—and stayed underwater as long as he could. At last the wasps went away.
Then Tiger jumped out. Rowr! He ran through the forest till he found Mouse Deer.
“Mouse Deer, you tricked me once. You tricked me twice. But now you will be my lunch!”
Mouse Deer looked around and thought fast. He saw a cobra! The giant snake was coiled asleep on the ground.
“I’m sorry, Tiger. I can’t be your lunch. The King has ordered me to guard his belt.”
“His belt?” said Tiger.
“Yes. There it is.” Mouse Deer pointed to the cobra. “It’s the best belt in the world. The King doesn’t want anyone else to wear it.”
Tiger said, “I would like to wear the King’s belt.”
“Oh, no Tiger! The King would be very angry.”
“Just for one moment, Mouse Deer! The King will never know.”
“Well, all right, Tiger. But first let me run far away, so no one will blame me.”
“All right, Mouse Deer, you can go now.”

Mouse Deer ran quickly out of sight.
“Imagine!” said Tiger. “The King’s belt!” He started to wrap it around himself.
The cobra woke up. Ssssssssssssss. It didn’t wait for Tiger to finish wrapping. It wrapped itself around Tiger. Then it squeezed him and bit him. Sstt!

“Ooh! Ow! Yow! That’s no belt. That’s a cobra! Help! Mouse Deer! Help!”
But Mouse Deer was far away. And as he went, he sang his song.

Exercise
MOUSEDEER

One day while a mousedeer was walking in the forest, he saw a big black snake sleeping under the tree. When he saw the snake, the mousedeer was frightened. When he wanted to run away from the snake, he suddenly fell on top of a tiger which was sleeping not far from the snake. The tiger woke up and took of the mousedeer. He told the mousedeer that he was going to eat him for lunch. “Please don’t eat me now,” said the mousedeer. “I have something important to do.”

“Look,” said the mousedeer. “That is the king’s belt. He asked me to stay here and watch it while he was away in the forest.” The tiger looked at the snake and said, “That is a beautiful belt. I need a belt like that. Can I wear it?” He asked the mousedeer.

“Oh all right,” said the mousedeer. So he picked up the snake and winded it around the tiger. Then the snake woke up and saw the tiger. The snake twisted itself tighter until the tiger couldn’t breathe. The tiger asked the mousedeer to help him. But the mousedeer turned and ran away into the forest.
Read the text carefully and choose the best answer of each questions! 
Read the text carefully and choose the best answer of each questions!
1. Where did the story happen?
A. In the river                     
B. In the forest
C. In the beach                     
D. In the zoo

2. Where was the tiger sleeping?
A. In the middle of the forest
B. Next to the mousedeer’s house
C. Next the black snake sleeping under the tree
D. Far away from the place where the mousedeer fell

3. “...So, he picked up...” (paragraph 3, line 1)
The underlined word refers to...........
A. Mousedeer                        
B. Tiger
C. A clever animal.               
D. Snake

4. After reading this story, we can learn tha
A. We have to far away from tiger
B. We have to find a way to save ourselves from danger
C. Black snake was a dangerous animal
D. We have to be careful with the mousedeers

5. What is the communicative purpose of this text?
A. To inform the readers about activities happened in the past
B. To describe something in general
C. To give information about the mousedeer
D. To entertain the readers

Catatan : Terima kasih telah membaca postingan saya tentang Penjelasan dan Contoh Narrative Text Terlengkap.
Definition :  Narrative is a text focusing specific participants. Its social function is to tell stories or past events and entertain the readers.

Purpose : To amuse/entertain the readers and to tell a story.
Generic Structure :
1. Orientation
2. Complication
3. Resolution
4. Reorientation

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