iTapuih.com - 15 Contoh Soal Explanation Text dan Kunci Jawaban Terbaru. Explanation text adalah salah satu jenis text yang bertujuan menjelaskan tentang proses-proses yang berhubungan dengan fenomena-fenomena alam, soisal, ilmu pengetahuan, budaya dan lainnya. Secara sederhana Explanation text biasanya berasal dari pertanyaan penulis terkait ‘why’ dan ‘how’ terhadap suatu fenomena yang ada. Dalam artikel ini saya akan membagikan 15 Contoh Soal Explanation Text dan Kunci Jawaban Terbaru untuk pelajar Sekolah Menengah Atas kelas 10, 11 atau 12 SMA/SMK/MA. Soal-soal dibawah ini bisa Anda download pada link bagian paling bawah postingan.
The first digestive process takes place in the mouth. The food we eat is broken up into small pieces by the action of teeth, mixed with saliva, a juice secreted by glands in the mouth. Saliva contains digestive juice which moisten the food, so it can be swallowed easily.
From the mouth, food passes through the esophagus (the food passage) into the stomach. Here, the food is mixed with the juices secreted by the cells in the stomach for several hours. Then the food enters the small intestine. All the time the muscular walls of the intestine are squeezing, mixing and moving the food onwards.
In a few hours, the food changes into acids. These are soon absorbed by the villi (microscopic branch projections from the intestine walls) and passed into the bloodstream.
|1. What is the text about?
A. The digestive system
B. The digestive juice
C. The method of the digestive system
D. The process of intestine work
E. The food substances
|2. How can we swallow the food easily?
A. The food changes into acids absorbed by the villi.
B. The food must be digested first through the process.
C. The food is directly swallowed through esophagus into the stomach.
D. The food is mixed with the juices secreted by the cells in the stomach.
E. The food we take must be changed into substances carried in the blood to the places.
|3. From the text above, we imply that ….
A. A good process of digestive system will help our body becoming healthier.
B. No one concerned with the process of digestive system for their health.
C. The digestive system is needed if we are eating the food instantly.
D. Everybody must conduct the processes of digestive system well.
E. The better we digest the food we eat, the healthier we will be.
|4. “Human body is made up of countless millions of cells.” (Paragraph 1)
The underlined phrase means ….
To make or manufacture Biodiesel, you must first start with raw materials. The raw materials needed in the production of Biodiesel are a small amount of methanol and a ready supply of vegetable product. One of the most common vegetables used in the production of Biodiesel is corn, although depending on the geographic location of the manufacturing facility many other plants are used as well (rapeseed, soybeans, flaxseed, etc.). The first step is to use the raw vegetable product to make vegetable oil. Vegetable oil by itself will not be what you need to power a car, from here it has to be processed into Biodiesel.
The process for converting vegetable oil into Biodiesel is sometimes called ester interchange. To complete this process the vegetable oil has to be combined with a smaller amount of methanol and then put in the presence of a small quantity of an alkaline catalyst (for example, 5% to 1% sodium hydroxide). Vegetable oil is made up of so-called triglycerides, which is a compound of the trivalent alcohol glycerin with three fatty acids. The goal of ester interchange is to separate the glycerin molecule from the three fatty acids and replace it with three methanol molecules. This process then yields roughly 90% Biodiesel and 10% of a glycerin byproduct. The glycerin byproduct can be used in a number of other chemical processes for different industries.
|5. What is the text about?
A. The process of making Biodiesel.
B. The use of the Biodiesel.
C. The advantage of using the Biodiesel.
D. The benefit of producing the Biodiesel.
E. The development of the Biodiesel product.
|6. What are interchanged in the process of ester interchange?
A. The three fatty acids with the glycerin molecules.
B. The glycerin molecule with three methanol molecules.
C. Methanol with the three fatty acids.
D. Vegetable oil with methanol
E. Methanol and alkaline catalyst.
|7. According to the text, one of the advantages in using biodiesel is…
A. It is cheap.
B. It only uses vegetable oil.
C. It uses replaceable materials.
D. It can be done in small industry.
E. It gives less pollution than petroleum.
|8. “The process for converting vegetable oil…”(Paragraph 3)
The underline word is closest in meaning to…
Breathing happens when the brain sends a message through the nerves to the intercostal muscles which lie between the ribs and diaphragm. When the instruction is received, the muscles pull the ribs outwards and the diaphragm relaxes so that the space in the chest gets bigger. Because the pressure in the chest gets lower, air rushes in to fill the lungs.
This air is first taken in through the nose or mouth. It then travels into the throat (the pharynx) and on through the voice box (the larynx). The opening to the voice box has a cover over it called the epiglottis.
This cover opens when a breath is taken. In this way, the air is able to flow down the trachea but food is kept out.
After passing down the trachea the air travels into the lung down either the right or left bronchus, through the bronchioles and at last into tiny air sacs called alveoli. These are covered with small blood vessels called capillaries. From here, oxygen is finally taken into the blood stream and carbon dioxide is passed back to the lungs.
The intercostal muscles then push the rib cage back inwards. As a result, the space in the chest gets smaller and the pressure rises, thus pushing the carbon dioxide back out of the lungs.
And it all happens in the space of a single breath!
|9. What organ makes up the human respiratory system?
|10. The following statements are true EXCEPT ...
A. The nose, trachea and lungs are the main organs which make up the respiratory system.
B. The intercostal muscles push the rib cage back inwards.
C. The intercostal muscles then push the rib cage back inwards.
D. Breathing happens when the brain receives a message through the nerves to the intercostal muscles.
E. Epiglottis is opened when a breath is taken.
|11. “It then travels into the throat (the pharynx) and …” (Paragraph 3)
The underlined word refers to ...
A. The chest
B. The water
C. The lung
D. The rib
E. The voice
There are four main kinds of taste: sweet, sour, salty, and bitter. All other tastes are just mixtures of two or more of these main types.
The surface of the tongue has more than fifteen thousand taste-buds (or cells). These are connected to the brain by special nerves which send the so-called ‘tastes messages.
When the tongue comes into contact with food of any kind, the taste-buds will pick up the taste. The nerves then send a message to the brain. This will make us aware of the taste. All this happens in just a few seconds.
There are four kinds of taste-buds, each of which is sensitive to only a particular taste. These four groups are located in different parts of the tongue.
The taste-buds for salty and sweet tastes are found round the tip of the tongue and along its sides. Sour tastes can be picked up only at the sides of the tongue. The taste-buds of the bitter taste are found at the innermost edge of the tongue. There are taste-buds at the centre of the tongue.
The senses of smell and sight can affect taste. The good smell of food increases its taste. Similarly, attractive colours can make food appear tastier and more delicious. If food does not smell good or is dull-coloured, it will look tasty and may not taste good at all.
Very hot or cold sensations can make the taste-buds insensitive. Food that is too hot or too cold, when placed in the mouth, will have no tastes at all.
|12. We can taste any kind of food because of ...
A. The good smell of food
B. The four main kinds of taste
C. The taste-buds in the tongue
D. The senses of smell and sight
E. The taste-buds round the tip of the tongue
|13. When we eat very hot or cold food ...
A. The food will lose its taste
B. The food won’t smell good
C. The taste of the food increases
D. The taste-buds will be sensitive
E. The taste-buds will be very, responsive
|14. The senses of smell and sight ...
A. Increase the taste of the food
B. Affect the taste of the food
C. Make food more delicious
D. Make the food look good
E. Make the food attractive
|15. The purpose of the text is ...
A. To explain how we can taste any food in the mouth
B. To give a report about the sense of taste
C. To inform how important the tongue is
D. To describe the use of the tongue
E. To tell the taste of the food