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Everyone these days seems to want a gleaming set of pearly white teeth. Having the perfect Hollywood smile has created the multi-billion-dollar global teeth-whitening industry. However, not all is shiny and bright behind this business. A new report from the BBC states that illegal teeth-whitening beauticians are putting their customers at risk of serious health problems. These include burnt gums and lips, blisters and lost teeth. The BBC reports that the General Dental Council in the UK reported a 26 per cent increase in complaints last year from people who had suffered problems after teeth-whitening procedures. In many cases, the people performing the teeth whitening were untrained and unqualified.
The teeth-whitening industry in the UK is regulated and the practice can only be performed by professionals who have registered with the General Dental Council. The BBC carried out an undercover investigation, which unearthed "thousands" of ill-qualified teeth-whitening practitioners. Two BBC researchers went undercover and paid nearly $400 each to attend a teeth-whitening course at a London beauty college. The course lasted just five hours. The researchers received a certificate of attendance and were told they could earn $100 an hour to treat customers. Anyone attending these courses and setting up their own businesses would be doing so illegally and they could end up with a criminal record.
|1. What did the article say everyone seems to want these days?
A. Pearly white teeth
B. Straight teeth
C. Strawberry toothpaste
D. A nice smile
E. Toothpaste industry
|2. By how much did complaints rise last year?
|3. What was wrong with the people doing teeth whitening in many cases?
A. They were untrained and unqualified
B. They were too young
C. They were too old
D. They failed the exams
E. They were to smart
|4. Who are the only people that can do teeth whitening in the UK?
|5. What could someone get for illegally doing teeth whitening?
A. A prison sentence
B. A criminal record
D. A bad reputation
|6. " ... were told they could earn $100 an hour" (paragraph 2)
The underlined word refers to
B. The course
E. Two BBC researchers
Nine traditional Balinese dances have been recognized as part of the world's intangible cultural heritage following a UNESCO session in Namibia on Wednesday.
Balinese dances included on the list were the Barong Ket, Joged Bumbung, Legong Keraton, Topeng Sidhakarya, Baris Upacara, Sanghyang Dedari and Rejang dances, as well as the Wayang Wong and Gambuh dance dramas.
"We are very pleased with the recognition; it enables Bali to receive protection in terms of traditional dance preservation as well as economic benefits in the future," said Bali Cultural Agency head Dewa Putu Beratha on Wednesday night as quoted by Antara news agency.
During the UNESCO session, Indonesia's proposal regarding the dances reportedly ranked 18th among a total of 35 countries.
"The nine dances represent Balinese dance as a whole based on their historical concept, function and style," said Dewa.
According to Dewa, the Rejang, Sanghyang Dedari and Baris Upacara dances represented the Wali dance, which is usually performed during processions. Meanwhile, the Topeng Sidhakarya dance and Gambuh and Wayang Wong dance dramas are part of the Bebali dance, known as a semi-sacred and ceremonial dance. The Legong Keraton, Joged Bumbung and Barong Ket dances are a representation of the Balih-Balihan dance that serves social and entertainment purposes.
The Wali dance is said to have originated between the eighth and 14th centuries. The Bebali dance and Balih-Balihan dances are believed to have come from the 14th-19th century and 19th centuries, respectively.
"The community has actively played an important role in preserving these traditional dances, especially the Wali dance. Meanwhile, the Bali provincial administration and its city and regency administrations should increase their role in preserving the Bebali and Balih-Balihan dances during tourist events," said Dewa.
|7. " ... the world's intangible cultural heritage following a UNESCO"
The underlined word has opposite meaning with ...
|8. What is the main idea of the text?
A. UNESCO recognizes nine Balinese dances.
B. Nine Balinese dances are the part of the world’s cultural heritages.
C. Bali receives recognizing on the local dances from UNESCO.
D. Nine Balinese dances represent Balinese dances.
E. Balinese community play an important role in preserving their traditional dances.
|9. Which statement that supports the text?
A. The Bebali dance is believed originated in 19th century.
B. The Balih-Balihan dance is said to have come from the 14th-19th century.
C. The nine Balinese dances represent the culture and life of its community.
D. Indonesia’s proposal regarding the dances ranked well among the 35 countries.
E. The UNESCO recognition on the nine Balinese dances will be economically beneficial for Bali.
|10. What is the generic structure of the text above?
B. Newsworthy Event-Background Event-Source
D. General statement-Sequenced Explanation-Closing
A railway station in London has been named as the best station in Europe for passengers. The station is London St Pancras, which is also called St Pancras International. It is an international station because the Eurostar trains to France, Belgium and Holland start there. St Pancras was chosen as the best railway station in Europe by the Consumer Choice Centre. This organisation asks rail passengers every year about their opinions on different stations in Europe. Passengers answer questions on a survey about accessibility, cleanliness, connectivity, friendliness of staff, and the number of platforms. There is also a question about the number of days station staff went on strike throughout the year.
St Pancras was the only UK station in the top ten. Zurich Central Station was number two and Leipzig Central Station came in third. Five of the top ten stations were in Germany. They were Berlin, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Leipzig and Munich. A spokesman from the Consumer Choice Centre commented on the beauty of St Pancras, which was built in a gothic style and opened in 1868. The spokesman said: "London St Pancras does not just look like a station from another world, it also leads this index as Europe's best railway station." He added: "High points were awarded to the stations that offered great destinations around the continent and also had a healthy mix of shops, restaurants and conveniences."
|11. What is another name for London St Pancras?
A. London Global
B. St Pancras International
D. UK Gateway
E. Zurich Central
|12. Where do trains go to from St Pancras besides Belgium and France?
|13. What is the name of the organisation that conducted a survey?
A. Consumer Centre of Choice
B. Centre for Consumer Choice
C. Consumer Choice Centre
E. Leipzig Central Station
|14. How many German stations were in the top ten?
|15. What style was St Pancras built in?
B. Art deco
D. Post modern
E. Colonial revival