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9/30/14

Penjelasan dan Contoh Kalimat Aktif dan Pasif dalam Bahasa Inggris

iTapuih.com - Penjelasan dan Contoh  Kalimat Aktif dan Pasif dalam Bahasa Inggris. Kalimat aktif (active voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya melakukan pekerjaan, sebaliknya, kalimat pasif (passive voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya dikenai pekerjaan oleh object kalimat. Active voice lebih sering digunakan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari dibandingkan dengan passive voice. Namun demikian, sering kita temukan passive voice di surat-surat kabar, artikel-artikel di majalah-majalah dan tulisan-tulisan ilmiah. Passive voice digunakan karena object dari active voice merupakan informasi yang lebih penting dibandingkan dengan subject-nya. Subjek penerima tindakan + To be + Past Participle + Pelaku Tindakan.


Untuk memahami Kalimat Aktif dan Pasif dalam Bahasa Inggris anda harus paham konsep dari 16 tenses. Baca postingan saya lainnya tentang 16 Tenses serta Penjelasan dalam Bentuk Verbal dan Nominal. Ini adalah contoh secara lebih jelas mengenai kalimat pasif dalam bahasa Inggris.
  • Identifikasi subject, verb, object.
  • Letakkan object kalimat aktif di posisi subject kalimat pasif.
  • Perhatikan tenses kalimat aktifnya dan tentukan tobe.
  • Ubahlah kata kerja utama (ordinary verb) menjadi V3.
  • Letakkan agent (agent dibentuk dengan cara meletakkan subject kalimat aktif setelah preposition ‘by’) 
  • Subject + be + Verb3 + by + Object + modifier
Present Tense
    Aktif : Tika read the history book of Indonesia.
    Pasif : The history book of Indonesia is read by Tika.

Present Continuous
    A : I am writing the new short story.
    P : The new short story is being written by Sarah

Present Perfect
    A : My father has fixed the car
    P : The car has been fixed by my father.

Present Perfect Continuous
    A : Danny has been doing the homework.
    P : The homework has been being done by Danny.

Past Tense
    A : We cleaned the room.
    P : The room was cleaned by us.

Past Continuous Tense
    A : They were watching the movie when she came.
    P : The movie was being watched by them when she came.

Past Perfect Tense
    A : Tika had listened the news before you told her.
    P : The news had been listened by Tika before you told her.

Past Perfect Continuous
    A : Evans had been preparing the schedule for two weeks.
    P : The schedule had been being prepared by Evan for two weeks.

Simple Future
    A : I will finish this job at 4.00 PM.
    P : This job will be finished by me at 4.00 PM.

Future Continuous
    A : They will be finishing the job at 4.00 PM.
    P : The job will be being finished at 4.00 PM.

Future Perfect
    A : They will have finished the job before 5.00 PM.
    P : The job will have been finished before 5.00 PM.

Future Perfect Continuous
    A : They will have been completed the job for six hours by the time it finished.
    P : The job will have been being completed for six hours by the time it finished.

Past Future
    A :  Andi and Ari would have watched that movie
    P : That movie would have been watched by them

Past Future Continuous
    A :  We would be cleaning the house    
    P : The house would be being cleaned by us

Past Future Perfect
    A :  My cat had been eating your fish
    P : Your fish had been being eaten by my cat

Past Future Perfect Continuous
    A :  My wife would have been driving the car
    P : The car would have been being driven by my wife

Catatan
A : Merupakan kode kalimat Aktif
P : Merupakan kode kalimat Pasif

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